France’s President Emmanuel Macron has secured a second term by defeating his far-right rival Marine Le Pen in Sunday’s presidential election by a comfortable margin, early projections by four pollsters showed.
The first projections by Ifop, Elabe, Opinionway and Ipsos showed Macron securing 58.2%-57.6% of the vote. Ahead of the vote, polls had suggested Macron would win with 56%.
The result is narrower than their second-round clash in 2017 when the same two candidates met in the run-off and Macron polled over 66% of the vote.
Cheers erupted at the foot of the Eiffel Tower where supporters of Macron celebrated his reelection, moments after first projections showed he had won the vote by a comfortable margin. Boos and whistles broke out at the campaign party of his far-right challenger Le Pen.
The relatively comfortable margin of victory will nonetheless give Macron some confidence as he heads into a second five-year mandate, but the election also represents the closest the far-right has ever come to winning power in France.
A victory by Le Pen, accused by opponents of having cozy ties with Russian President Vladimir Putin, would have sent shock waves around the world comparable to the 2016 polls that led to Brexit in Britain and Donald Trump’s election in the United States.
The outcome, expected to be confirmed by official results overnight, will cause immense relief in Europe after fears a Le Pen presidency would leave the continent rudderless following Brexit and the departure of German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Left-leaning EU leaders, including German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, had pleaded with France in the run-up to the vote to choose Macron over his rival, in an unusual intervention published in Le Monde newspaper.
Macron will be the first French president to win reelection since Jacques Chirac in 2002 after his predecessors Nicolas Sarkozy and Francois Hollande left office after only one term.
The 44-year-old is to make a victory speech on the Champ de Mars in central Paris at the foot of the Eiffel Tower where flag-waving supporters erupted in joy when the projections appeared at 8 p.m. local time (6 p.m. GMT).
Macron will be hoping for a less complicated second term that will allow him to implement his vision of more pro-business reform and tighter EU integration after a first term shadowed by protests, then the pandemic and finally Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
But he will have to win over those who backed his opponents and the millions of French who did not bother to vote.
On the basis of the official figures, polling organizations estimated that the abstention rate was on course for 28% which, if confirmed, would be the highest in any presidential election second-round run-off since 1969.
The outcome of the first round on April 10 had left Macron, 44, in a solid but not unassailable position to retain the presidency.
Convincing supporters of the hard-left third-placed candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon to hold their noses and vote for the former investment banker was a key priority for Macron in the second phase of the campaign.
Macron will also need to ensure his party finds strong grassroots support to keep control of a parliamentary majority in legislative elections that come hot on the heels of the presidential ballot in June and avoid any awkward “cohabitation” with a premier who does not share his political views.
Bitter pill for Le Pen
High on his to-do list is pension reform including a raising of the French retirement age, which Macron has argued is essential for the budget but is likely to run into strong opposition and protests.
He will also have to rapidly return from the campaign trail to dealing with the Russian onslaught against Ukraine, with pressure on France to step up supplies of weapons to Kyiv and signs Putin is losing interest in any diplomacy.
For Le Pen, her third defeat in presidential polls will be a bitter pill to swallow after she plowed years of effort into making herself electable and distancing her party from the legacy of its founder, her father Jean-Marie Le Pen.
Critics insisted her party never stopped being extreme-right and racist, while Macron repeatedly pointed to her plan to ban the wearing of the Muslim headscarf in public if elected.
She has suggested this could be her last campaign and speculation is now expected to mount about the future of her party and the French far-right, which splintered during the campaign.
When Jean-Marie Le Pen reached the second round in 2002, the result stunned France and he won less than 18% in the subsequent run-off against Chirac.
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