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Iran said Saturday that the move from the United States to lift sanctions are “good but not enough,” following Washington’s announcement it was waiving sanctions on Iran’s civilian nuclear program.
The U.S. action came as talks to restore a 2015 deal between Tehran and world powers over its nuclear program reached an advanced stage, with the issue of sanctions relief a major issue.
“The lifting of some sanctions can, in the true sense of the word, translate into their goodwill. Americans talk about it, but it should be known that what happens on paper is good but not enough,” Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian said, as quoted by ISNA news agency.
The secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council also reflected Tehran’s view that the U.S. move falls short.
“Real, effective and verifiable economic benefit for Iran is a necessary condition for the formation of an agreement,” Ali Shamkhani said in a tweet.
“The show of lifting sanctions is not considered a constructive effort,” he added.
The U.S. State Department on Friday said it was waiving sanctions on Iran’s civilian nuclear program in a technical step necessary to return to the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA.
Former President Donald Trump withdrew from the pact in 2018 and reimposed crippling sanctions on Iran, prompting the Islamic republic to begin pulling back from its commitments under the deal.
The waiver allows other countries and companies to participate in Iran’s civilian nuclear program without triggering U.S. sanctions on them, in the name of promoting safety and non-proliferation.
Iran’s civilian program includes increasing stockpiles of enriched uranium.
Amir-Abdollahian reiterated that one of the “main issues” in the JCPOA talks is obtaining guarantees that the U.S. will not withdraw from the 2015 deal again.
“We seek and demand guarantees in the political, legal and economic sectors,” he said, adding that “agreements have been reached in some areas.”
Iran is negotiating with the United Kingdom, France, Germany, China and Russia directly and with the U.S. indirectly in the Vienna talks which different parties say have reached a stage where the sides have to make important “political decisions.”
“Our negotiating team in the Vienna talks is seriously pursuing obtaining tangible guarantees from the West to fulfil their commitments,” Amir-Abdollahian said.
Earlier on Saturday, foreign ministry spokesperson Saeed Khatibzadeh said: “Naturally, Tehran is carefully considering any action that is in the right direction of fulfilling the obligations of the JCPOA,” local media reported.
Moscow’s ambassador to the United Nations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, on Saturday welcomed the U.S. waiver decision as “a move in the right direction.”
“It will help expedite restoration of #JCPOA and mutual return of #US and #Iran to compliance with 2015 deal. It also can be seen as an indication that the #ViennaTalks have entered the final stage,” he wrote on Twitter.
Talks on reviving the nuclear deal were halted last week and the negotiators returned to their capitals for consultations.
Experts say the JCPOA talks could resume next week.
U.S. President Joe Biden moved quickly to seek a return to the agreement after he succeeded Trump a year ago, but Western parties say Iran in the meantime has moved increasingly closer to producing enough fissile material for a nuclear weapon – which the JCPOA aimed to avoid.
Iran has always denied seeking an atomic bomb.
“The technical discussions facilitated by the waiver are necessary in the final weeks of JCPOA talks,” a State Department official said Friday.
The U.S. official insisted that the move was not “part of a quid pro quo,” as the partners in the JCPOA talks await Iran’s response on key issues.
State Department spokesperson Ned Price insisted this U.S. step is a sanctions waiver for the civilian nuclear program and not broader sanctions relief.
Barbara Slavin, an Iran expert at the Atlantic Council, said the resumption of the waiver was a positive step.
“It’s a necessary prerequisite to restoring the JCPOA and thus a good sign that this can be accomplished,” she told Agence France-Presse (AFP).
“These sanctions were among the dumbest and most counterproductive imposed by the former administration,” she added.